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NAUSEA

Nausea is the sensation of being about to vomit. Vomiting is the forcible voluntary or involuntary emptying ("throwing up") of stomach contents through the mouth.
Nausea can be acute and short-lived, or it can be prolonged. When prolonged, it is a debilitating symptom. Nausea (and vomiting) can be psychological or physical in origin.

Cause-
Nausea is not a sickness, but rather a symptom of several conditions, many of which are unrelated to the stomach. Nausea is often indicative of an underlying condition elsewhere in the body.
The following causes are given below-

  • Acute HIV infection
  • Addison disease
  • Alcohol
  • Anxiety
  • Appendicitis
  • Brain tumor
  • Caffeine
  • Cancer
  • Chicken Pox
  • Chronic fatigue syndrome
  • Concussion
  • Crohn's disease
  • Depression
  • Diabetes
  • Dizziness
  • Drugs, whether the drug in use is for reasons that are medicinal, recreational, intentional, and/or unintentional.
  • Exercise
  • Influenza (rarely in adults, more commonly in children; not to be confused with "stomach flu" Gastroenteritis)
  • Food poisoning
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Gastroparesis
  • Heart attack
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Hyperkalemia
  • Increased intracranial pressure
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Kidney failure
  • Kidney stones
  • Ménière's disease
  • Meningitis
  • Migraine
  • Morning sickness
  • Narcotics
  • Nervousness
  • Pancreatitis
  • Peptic ulcer
  • Pneumonia
  • Pregnancy
  • Sleep deprivation
  • Stress
  • Withdrawal syndrome
  • Vertigo
  • Vestibular balance disorder
  • Viral hepatitis
  • Menstruation
Diagnosis-
Diagnosis is based on the severity, frequency, and duration of symptoms, and other factors that could indicate the presence of a serious illness.

Treatment-
While short-term nausea and vomiting are generally harmless, they may sometimes indicate a more serious condition, when associated with prolonged vomiting, it may lead to dehydration and/or dangerous electrolyte imbalances.
It is important to stay hydrated. Try steady, small amounts of clear liquids, such as electrolyte solutions. Other clear liquids -- such as water, ginger ale, or fruit juices -- also work.
Don't drink too much at one time. Stretching the stomach can make nausea and vomiting worse. Avoid solid foods until there has been no vomiting for six hours, and then work slowly back to a normal diet.
Pregnant women experiencing morning sickness can eat some crackers before getting out of bed or eat a high protein snack before going to bed (lean meat or cheese).

Prevention-
Massage, meditation, yoga, and other relaxation techniques can help prevent stress-induced nausea. Anti-nausea medication taken before traveling can prevent motion sickness. Sitting in the front seat, focusing on the horizon, and traveling after dark can also minimize symptoms.
Food should be fresh, properly prepared, and eaten slowly. Overeating, tight-fitting clothes, and strenuous activity immediately after a meal should be avoided.

Role of homoeopathy
Homeopathy is based on the principle of "like cures like". The remedies, which are generally dilutions of natural substances from plants, minerals, and animals, are selected to specifically match a person's individual symptom pattern. Homoeopathic medicines help in boosting the immune system of the patient to treat and/or prevent it.

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